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Table 3 Smoking behaviours associated with intentions to quit among all tobacco smokers (weighted, n = 2884)

From: Determinants of intentions to quit smoking among adult smokers in Bangladesh: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Bangladesh wave 2 survey

  Unwtd. Freq. % (95 % CI) Rao-Scott ChiSq Test
χ 2 DF p
Number of friends/acquaintances who smoke
 No/only 1 friend smokes (21/53) 34.6 (13.8, 63.8) 19.32 4 <0.001
 2 friends smoke (90/195) 52.1 (42.3, 61.8)    
 3 friends smoke (187/521) 37.4 (29.8, 45.7)    
 4 friends smoke (213/751) 28.6 (23.4, 34.4)    
 5 friends smoke (379/1242) 31.4 (25.5, 37.9)    
Amount smoked/day
 < = 10 sticks/day (605/1784) 36.0 (28.9, 43.7) 6.64 2 0.036
 11–20 sticks/day (220/804) 28.8 (22.7, 35.6)    
 21+ sticks/day (59/224) 25.4 (19.3, 32.6)    
Made a quit attempt in past year
 No attempts in past year (573/2296) 26.4 (21.0, 32.5) 29.14 1 <0.001
 At least one attempt in past year (322/528) 60.1 (47.8, 71.3)    
Longest duration smoke-free
 Never quit (380/1664) 24.1 (18.7, 30.5) 82.61 4 <0.001
 < 1 month (297/685) 44.8 (38.6, 51.1)    
 1 to 6 months (178/340) 53.2 (41.5, 64.6)    
 > 6 months (11/38) 21.0 (9.7, 39.7)    
 Don’t know (28/97) 27.5 (16.9, 41.4)    
Enjoy smoking
 Ambivalent (24/373) 6.3 (3.3, 11.7) 213.28 3 <0.001
 Agree/strongly agree (570/1744) 33.1 (27.9, 38.7)    
 Neither (45/176) 28.4 (20.4, 38.0)    
 Disagree/strongly disagree (262/591) 46.6 (39.9, 53.4)    
Bad opinion of cigarette smoking
 Positive/neutral (5/36) 10.2 (2.9, 30.0) 4.96 1 0.026
 Bad/very bad (895/2824) 32.8 (27.3, 38.8)    
Bad opinion of bidi smoking
 Positive/neutral (6/38) 10.0 (2.6, 31.3) 4.50 1 0.034
 Bad/very bad (894/2828) 32.8 (27.3, 38.8)    
Bad opinion of hookah smoking
 Positive/neutral (24/109) 24.9 (15.5, 37.5) 1.29 1 0.255
 Bad/very bad (859/2688) 33.1 (27.2, 39.5)    
Health benefits if quit smoking
 Ambivalent (6/111) 2.3 (0.4, 7.1) 258.33 3 <0.001
 Little benefit (275/1226) 23.9 (18.3, 30.4)    
 Moderate benefit (37/272) 16.9 (10.8, 25.4)    
 Great benefit (582/1263) 45.5 (40.2, 50.9)    
Worry about future health
 Ambivalent (9/184) 5.1 (2.3, 11.2) 111.32 4 <0.001
 Not at all worried (20/170) 11.1 (6.3, 19.0)    
 A little worried (260/898) 30.3 (25.8, 35.3)    
 Moderately worried (432/1231) 35.2 (28.1, 43.1)    
 Very worried (178/389) 50.2 (41.7, 58.6)    
Noticed warning labels
 Unaware of labels (79/424) 21.3 (16.1, 27.5) 16.57 2 <0.001
 Never/once in a while (325/937) 36.6 (30.0, 43.8)    
 Often/whenever smoke (488/1439) 34.2 (27.8, 41.1)    
Workplace smoking policy
 Employed, policy not reported (57/159) 38.9 (26.5, 52.9) 32.13 4 <0.001
 Not employed outside home (440/1148) 39.8 (33.5, 46.4)    
 Employed, does not work indoors (255/1112) 24.5 (19.2, 30.8)    
 No/partial restrictions only (71/244) 30.9 (22.8, 40.3)    
 Smoking not allowed indoors (77/211) 31.6 (21.7, 43.7)    
Received advice from doctor to quit smoking
 Did not visit doctor (627/2128) 30.1 (25.0, 35.9) 33.74 2 <0.001
 Visited, no advice to quit (90/392) 24.8 (17.9, 33.2)    
 Visited & advised to quit (183/363) 51.4 (40.6, 62.0)    
Knowledge of smoking harmsa
 Low (135/821) 20.5 (11.7, 33.4) 28.26 2 <0.001
 Moderate (177/619) 31.0 (25.9, 36.7)    
 High (589/1443) 48.3 (43.8, 52.8)    
Knowledge of effects of SHSa
 Low (155/869) 19.0 (11.5, 29.9) 38.29 2 <0.001
 Moderate (124/432) 36.0 (28.0, 44.8)    
 High (900/2870) 48.5 (44.5, 52.5)    
  1. aKnowledge indices were ranked into approximate tertiles to explore the relationship between knowledge and quit intentions