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Table 4 Predictorsa of intentions to quit (any intention vs no intention) among all tobacco smokers (n = 2637)

From: Determinants of intentions to quit smoking among adult smokers in Bangladesh: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Bangladesh wave 2 survey

  OR (95 % CI) χ 2 DF p value
Sampling area
 Dhaka non-slum areas vs. Dhaka slums 1.34 (0.43, 4.20) 23.83 3 <0.001
 Areas outside Dhaka vs. Dhaka slums 2.47 (1.08, 5.63)    
 Tribal & border areas vs. Dhaka slums 0.69 (0.29, 1.66)    
Sex
 Women vs. men 1.78 (0.77, 4.10) 1.84 1 0.175
Age group
 25–39 vs. 15–24 0.84 (0.59, 1.18) 4.65 3 0.199
 40–54 vs. 15–24 0.96 (0.62, 1.48)    
 55+ vs. 15–24 1.10 (0.80, 1.51)    
Type of smoker
 Cigarette vs. dual user 0.75 (0.47, 1.18) 1.65 2 0.437
 Bidi vs. dual user 0.83 (0.57, 1.20)    
Children at home
 Only children 5 or younger vs. no children 1.62 (1.24, 2.12) 19.71 3 <0.001
 Only children 6–14 vs. no children 1.00 (0.77, 1.28)    
 Children in both age groups vs. no children 0.82 (0.61, 1.08)    
Amount smoked per day (cigarettes and/or bidis)
 10 or fewer vs. 21+ sticks/day 2.08 (1.34, 3.22) 13.93 2 <0.001
 11–20 vs. 21+ sticks/day 1.59 (0.87, 2.90)    
Made a quit attempt in past year
 At least one attempt vs none 2.79 (1.70, 4.56) 16.68 1 <0.001
Enjoys smoking
 Does not enjoy smoking vs. enjoys smoking 1.45 (1.00, 2.08) 47.24 3 <0.001
 Neither enjoys/not enjoy vs. enjoys smoking 1.08 (0.73, 1.61)    
 Ambivalent vs. enjoys smoking 0.18 (0.09, 0.36)    
Perceptions about the benefit of quitting
 Great benefit if quit vs. little benefit 2.10 (1.63, 2.72) 83.32 3 <0.001
 Moderate benefit if quit vs. little benefit 0.71 (0.48, 1.06)    
 Ambivalent vs. little benefit 0.01 (0.00, 0.08)    
Worry about the health consequences of smoking
 Very worried about health effects vs. Not at all 8.66 (3.89, 19.28) 44.66 4 <0.001
 Moderately worried vs. Not at all 4.28 (1.88, 9.74)    
 A little worried vs. Not at all 3.95 (1.82, 8.59)    
 Ambivalent vs. Not at all 0.95 (0.36, 2.50)    
Noticed warning labels on tobacco packaging
 Often/whenever smoke vs. unaware of warning labels 0.67 (0.44, 1.04) 7.06 2 0.029
 Never/rarely vs. unaware of warning labels 0.97 (0.63, 1.50)    
Workplace smoking policy
 Not allowed indoors vs. does not work indoors 1.96 (1.32, 2.91) 22.77 4 <0.001
 No/partial bans vs. does not work indoors 1.73 (1.15, 2.61)    
 Does not work outside home vs. does not work indoors 1.47 (1.11, 1.95)    
 Employed, policy not reported vs. does not work indoors 1.97 (1.21, 3.19)    
Visited doctor in last year
 Visited & received advice vs. did not visit 1.86 (1.31, 2.63) 18.42 2 <0.001
 Visited, no advice vs. did not visit 0.50 (0.25, 0.98)    
Knowledge about the harms of smoking
 1 point increase 1.08 (0.99, 1.18) 2.75 1 0.097
Knowledge about the harms of second-hand smoke
 1 point increase 1.20 (1.08, 1.33) 12.55 1 <0.001
  1. aOdds ratios were estimated from a weighted multivariable logistic regression model that accounts for the complex sampling design. Reported odds ratios are therefore adjusted odds ratios that control for all other covariates included in the model