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Table 1 Summary statistics of variables used in the analysis

From: The evolution of socioeconomic status-related inequalities in maternal health care utilization: evidence from Zimbabwe, 1994–2011

  Overall 1994 1999 2005/06 2010/11
Variables Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Age 13–19 0.154 0.361 0.147 0.354 0.166 0.372 0.156 0.363 0.145 0.352
Age 20–24 0.324 0.468 0.319 0.466 0.327 0.469 0.339 0.474 0.309 0.462
Age 25–29 0.235 0.424 0.211 0.408 0.231 0.421 0.232 0.422 0.259 0.438
Age 30–34 0.160 0.367 0.175 0.380 0.138 0.344 0.160 0.366 0.174 0.379
Age 35–39 0.087 0.283 0.100 0.300 0.098 0.297 0.073 0.260 0.082 0.275
Age 40–44 0.032 0.177 0.040 0.195 0.034 0.181 0.033 0.178 0.025 0.156
Age 45–49 0.007 0.082 0.008 0.087 0.007 0.084 0.007 0.081 0.006 0.078
Marital status – married 0.841 0.366 0.864 0.343 0.838 0.368 0.814 0.389 0.851 0.356
Employed 0.438 0.496 0.520 0.500 0.526 0.499 0.364 0.481 0.360 0.480
No education 0.058 0.234 0.126 0.332 0.065 0.247 0.041 0.197 0.017 0.131
Primary education 0.393 0.489 0.500 0.500 0.436 0.496 0.352 0.478 0.311 0.463
Secondary education 0.548 0.498 0.374 0.484 0.499 0.500 0.607 0.488 0.672 0.470
Religion – Christian 0.543 0.498 0.495 0.500 0.815 0.388 0.435 0.496 0.408 0.492
Reads newspapers at least one a week 0.390 0.488 0.435 0.496 0.390 0.488 0.388 0.487 0.359 0.480
Listens to the radio at least once a week 0.511 0.500 0.383 0.486 0.580 0.494 0.528 0.499 0.522 0.500
Family planning 0.611 0.488 0.575 0.494 0.596 0.491 0.643 0.479 0.621 0.485
Terminated pregnancy 0.105 0.306 0.120 0.325 0.107 0.310 0.097 0.296 0.098 0.297
Wealth quintile 1 – poorest 0.219 0.413 0.241 0.428 0.195 0.397 0.228 0.420 0.216 0.412
Wealth quintile 2 0.192 0.394 0.183 0.386 0.179 0.383 0.201 0.401 0.205 0.404
Wealth quintile 3 0.183 0.387 0.179 0.384 0.186 0.389 0.174 0.379 0.191 0.393
Wealth quintile 4 0.222 0.415 0.211 0.408 0.233 0.423 0.220 0.414 0.219 0.414
Wealth quintile 5 – (richest) 0.184 0.388 0.186 0.389 0.207 0.405 0.177 0.382 0.168 0.374
Urban resident 0.312 0.464 0.267 0.442 0.346 0.476 0.313 0.464 0.312 0.463
Manicaland province 0.137 0.344 0.131 0.337 0.151 0.358 0.121 0.326 0.142 0.349
Mashonaland central province 0.101 0.301 0.087 0.282 0.094 0.293 0.111 0.315 0.106 0.308
Mashonaland east province 0.090 0.286 0.102 0.302 0.087 0.282 0.078 0.268 0.096 0.295
Mashonaland west province 0.110 0.313 0.116 0.320 0.099 0.299 0.101 0.301 0.125 0.330
Matabeleland north province 0.060 0.237 0.077 0.266 0.054 0.226 0.064 0.245 0.049 0.215
Matabeleland south province 0.052 0.223 0.058 0.234 0.059 0.236 0.045 0.207 0.048 0.214
Midlands province 0.131 0.338 0.137 0.343 0.123 0.329 0.143 0.350 0.124 0.329
Masvingo province 0.117 0.322 0.102 0.303 0.103 0.304 0.149 0.356 0.112 0.316
Harare province 0.151 0.358 0.140 0.347 0.168 0.373 0.138 0.345 0.156 0.363
Bulawayo province 0.052 0.221 0.051 0.221 0.061 0.240 0.051 0.219 0.043 0.202
Observations 13506   2218   2818   4073   4397  
  1. Notes: All estimates are weighted to be nationally representative. Due to rounding, other statistics might not sum to one