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Table 4 MNL model for health care seeking behavior of urban dwellers in 2014a, b

From: Examining the changing health care seeking behavior in the era of health sector reforms in India: evidences from the National Sample Surveys 2004 & 2014

  PUB02 PVT01 PVT02 OTH01 OTH02
Intercept −0.709***
(−3.790)
1.164***
(13.139)
0.229**
(2.318)
−1.421***
(−7.483)
0.343**
(2.287)
MEDEXP [Medical expenditure] −0.001***
(−7.000)
2.08E-04***
(7.802)
2.38E-04***
(9.015)
−0.001***
(−4.523)
−0.001***
(−6.493)
TRNEXP [Transport expenditure] −1.61E-06
(−0.005)
−0.001***
(−6.669)
−2.68E-04***
(−4.111)
−0.001*
(−1.673)
−0.019***
(−9.720)
AGE [Age] 0.007***
(2.772)
−0.004***
(−2.981)
−0.003**
(−2.525)
0.004
(1.241)
0.003
(1.293)
HHSZ [Household size] 0.014
(0.617)
−0.019**
(−2.051)
−0.075***
(−7.254)
0.022
(1.063)
−0.013
(−0.703)
HHEXP [Household expenditure] −3.11E-05***
(−2.982)
4.80E-05***
(12.714)
5.25E-05***
(13.669)
3.64E-05***
(4.465)
−4.89E-06
(−0.629)
BINCHRc [Chronic ailment] −0.034
(−0.148)
−0.170*
(−1.933)
0.114
(1.222)
−1.165***
(−5.333)
−0.644***
(−3.371)
BM1501c [Ailment started more than 15 days ago and is continuing] −0.973***
(−4.049)
−0.668***
(−6.638)
−0.035
(−0.317)
−0.907***
(−4.175)
−1.472***
(−7.636)
BM1502c [Ailment started more than 15 days ago and has ended] −0.265
(−1.080)
−0.304**
(−2.427)
−0.319**
(−2.132)
−0.068
(−0.319)
−0.318*
(−1.799)
BL1501c [Ailment started less than 15 days ago and is continuing] −0.183
(−1.067)
−0.208**
(−2.271)
−0.260**
(−2.386)
−0.194
(−1.209)
−0.344***
(−2.713)
MALEc [Gender is male] −0.231**
(−2.255)
−0.173***
(−3.739)
−0.100**
(−2.030)
−0.051
(−0.470)
−0.131
(−1.592)
BINMRDc [Married] −0.329***
(−2.978)
0.006
(0.117)
0.111**
(2.003)
0.011
(0.088)
0.134
(1.393)
LITERTc [Literate] 0.207*
(1.848)
0.053
(1.019)
−0.011
(−0.204)
0.271**
(2.166)
0.246***
(2.627)
BINSCHc [Covered by health care expenditure support scheme] 0.093
(0.821)
−0.463***
(−8.655)
−0.159***
(−2.907)
−0.138
(−1.064)
−0.277***
(−2.761)
  1. *significant at 90% confidence interval (p < 0.1);**significant at 95% (p < 0.05);***significant at 99% (p < 0.01)
  2. aNumbers outside parentheses reflect parameter estimates, while numbers in parentheses reflect t-statistic values
  3. bThe reader is requested to refer to Table 2 for a more detailed description of variables
  4. cBinary variables