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Table 7 Robustness Check: Other Poverty Status Measurement

From: Escaping from poverty trap: a choice between government transfer payments and public services

Variable Poverty = poverty_50 Poverty = poverty_10 Poverty = no television
H_income Poverty H_income Poverty H_income Poverty
Panel A
H_income   −0.0037c (−9.88)   −1.55e-04a (−1.95)   −1.38e-04b (−2.09)
GTP   0.0108c (4.08)   0.002c (3.2)   0.025c (12.41)
PTP   −0.035c (−12.53)   −0.014c (−8.73)   −0.017c (−8.14)
Insurance 1023.85c (10.13) −0.0381c (−4.49) 1032.29c (10.2) −0.0274c (−5.55) 1063.08c (10.51) −0.05879c (−9.59)
Water 262.22c (2.67) −0.0283c (−3.12) 273.72b (2.79) −0.01715c (−3.26) 281.53c (2.87) −0.1067c (−16.14)
Toilet 1245.10c (11.57) −0.0194b (−1.84) 1266.67c (11.72) −0.00915 (−1.49) 1325.84c (12.33) −0.1341c (−17.04)
Hygiene 327.84c (3.06) −0.0507c (−5.88) 332.09c (3.1) −0.0274c (−5.45) 332.38c (3.1) −0.0572c (−9.24)
Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chi2() 7587.86c 2013.96c 7576.25c 777.65c 7649.84c 16897.42c
obs 30628 30628 30628 30628 30628 30628
Panle B Mechanisms
Crowd-out Effect −0.5943c (−9.18) −0.7250c (−7.28) 5.7516c (4.69)
Inductive Effect −2.9593c (−33.11) −9.7151c (−28.22) −2.2881c (−112.32)
  1. Note: aSignificantly at 10% level.bSignificantly at 5% level.cSignificantly at 1% level