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Table 8 Robustness Check: Change Model Specification

From: Escaping from poverty trap: a choice between government transfer payments and public services

Variable Introduce poverty status in GTP model Introduce poverty status in GTP and PTP model
H_income GTP PTP Poverty H_income GTP PTP Poverty
Panel A
H_income   0.1201c (10.57) 0.0274c (3.14) −0.0046c (−13.12)   0.1235c (10.84) −0.0244 (−1.23) −0.0047c (−13.74)
Poverty   277.04a (1.83)     328.90b (2.17) −1116.8c (−3.82)  
GTP    0.7783c (8.3) 0.013c (5.23)    0.4482c (5.11) 0.0134c (5.63)
PTP     −0.032c (−12.22)     −0.034c (−13.33)
Insurance 1029.67c (10.21)    −0.0307c (−3.77) 1038.55c (9.54)    −0.0178c (−3.10)
Water 293.44c (2.98)    −0.0303c (−3.50) 152.82 (1.43)    −0.0272c (−3.46)
Toilet 1273.93c (11.85)    −0.0212b (−2.13) 1330.35c (11.93)    −0.0156b (−1.96)
Hygiene 348.51c (3.24)    −0.0382c (−4.61) 251.74b (2.14)    −0.0273c (−3.88)
Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chi2() 7590.53c 3512.1c 3333.9c 2227.98c 7579.52c 3509.7c 3916.7c 2262.28c
obs 30628 30628 30628 30628 30628 30628 30628 30628
Panle B Mechanisms
Crowd-out Effect −0.3822c (−4.54) −0.1674c (−2.60)
Inductive Effect −2.6715c (−42.66) −2.6535c (−42.28)
  1. Notes: We use the poverty1 variable to measure the poverty status. aSignificantly at 10% level.bSignificantly at 5% level.cSignificantly at 1% level