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Table 1 An international comparison of the cost of assisted reproduction

From: The market for reproductive tourism: an analysis with special reference to Greece

Country Indicatory average treatment costs in Europe & the USA (in EUR)
IVF (1) Oocyte donation (2) Embryo donation (3) Preimplantation Genetic Screening (4)
UK 5800 14000 7000 4000
Germany 3000 not allowed not allowed (partially allowed): 3500
Italy 6000 not allowed (5) not allowed (5) (partially allowed): 3500
Denmark (6) 2500 5000 not allowed 3500
Spain 5000 9000 6000 4500
Czech Republic 1900 5000 2000 3000
Russia 2000 8000 5000 4000
Ukraine 1800 6000 3000 2000
Greece 3500 6000 3000 3000
Cyprus 3000 6000 3000 3000
USA 2000 15000 8000 6000
  1. Notes: Rates in local currency, converted in EUR on xe.com in August 2013.
  2. (1) Intended is IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
  3. (2) Costs refer to oocyte donation using an exclusive female donor; in some countries, e.g. UK, there are shared programs (i.e., one female donor donates to more recipients, or a woman undergoing treatment herself, donates a part of her oocytes to another woman). Such programs cost less.
  4. (3) There is a difference between embryo donation (which implies using embryos resulting from a female and a male donor) and embryo adoption (which implies the use of embryos left over from couples who do not need them any longer). Legislation in this regard varies among the countries. The costs in this table concern embryo donation.
  5. (4) There are two methods for aneuploidy screening: The FISH method (fluorescence in situ hybridization) and CGH array (comparative genomic hybridization). This table refers to CGH array and the fees are based on an assumption of eight embryos.
  6. (5) Legislation has meanwhile changed.
  7. (6) Denmark does not allow donation of an embryo, only oocytes and sperm can be donated but one of the intended parents always have to be genetically related to the child.
  8. Source(s): Compiled based on data from World Tourism Organization, ESHRE European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology, HFEA Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority; & Connolly et al. [12]