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Table 1 Background characteristics of the study participants for public tertiary level hospital (N = 801)

From: Economic costs of hospitalized diarrheal disease in Bangladesh: a societal perspective

Variables Description n (%) / mean ± SD 95% CI (% or mean)
Number of patients N 801  
Inpatient 402 (50.19) (46.72, 53.65)
Outpatient 399 (49.81) (46.35, 53.28)
Patient age (%) Up to 4 460 (57.43) (53.09, 59.96)
5 to 14 55 (6.87) (6.08, 9.81)
15 to 45 195 (24.34) (21.49, 27.44)
46 to 60 62 (7.74) (6.08, 9.81)
60+ 29 (3.62) (2.53, 5.17)
Patient age yrs. (mean ± SD) Up to 4 1.41 ± 0.96 (1.32, 1.50)
5 to 14 8.12 ± 2.76 (7.38, 8.87)
15 to 45 29.08 ± 9.43 (27.74, 30.41)
46 to 60 55.47 ± 4.3 (54.38, 56.56)
60+ 75.03 ± 11.99 (70.47, 79.6)
Overall 15.46 ± 21.08 (13.99, 16.92)
Gender (%) Male 404 (50.44) (46.97, 53.9)
Female 397 (49.56) (46.1, 53.03)
Patient Occupation (%) House wife 130 (38.12) (33.09, 43.42)
Students 81 (23.75) (19.51, 28.59)
Self-employment 49 (14.37) (11.02, 18.53)
Unemployed 7 (2.05) (0.98, 4.26)
Salaried employee 31 (9.09) (6.45, 12.66)
Business 18 (5.28) (3.34, 8.24)
Others 25 (7.33) (4.99, 10.64)
Patient education level (%) Illiterate 37 (11.08) (8.17, 15.03)
No formal education 62 (18.56) (14.82, 23.26)
Up to primary 99 (29.64) (24.55, 34.36)
Secondary 103 (30.84) (26.26, 36.23)
Higher secondary 19 (5.69) (3.67, 8.82)
Higher 14 (4.19) (2.51, 7.01)
Mother education level (%) Illiterate 156 (19.48) (16.87, 22.37)
formal education 114 (14.23) (11.98, 16.83)
Up to primary 199 (24.84) (21.97, 27.96)
Secondary 274 (34.21) (30.99, 37.57)
Higher secondary 37 (4.62) (3.36, 6.31)
Higher 21 (2.62) (1.71, 3.99)
Father education level (%) Illiterate 139 (17.35) (14.88, 20.14)
No formal education 139 (17.35) (14.88, 20.14)
Up to primary 191 (23.85) (21.01, 26.93)
Secondary 241 (30.09) (27, 33.36)
Higher secondary 49 (6.12) (4.65, 8.01)
Higher 42 (5.24) (3.9, 7.02)
Household size (%) Less than 2 6 (0.75) (0.34, 1.66)
2 to 3 137 (17.1) (14.65, 19.88)
4 to 5 347 (43.32) (39.92, 46.79)
More than 5 311 (38.83) (35.5, 42.26)
Household size   3.20 ± 0.74 (3.15, 3.25)
Patient monthly income, BDT (n = 411)   3976.78 ± 8397.02 (2974.40, 4979.16)
Monthly income of household (BDT)   19,603.37 ± 26,641.74 (17,755.58, 21,451.16)
Monthly expenditure of household (BDT)   15,469.69 ± 10,702 (14,727.43, 16,211.94)
Overall healthcare expenditure last 3 months (BDT)   5191.43 ± 17,745.43 (3960.66, 6422.20)
Income quintile (BDT)
 Poorest quintile (≤10,000 BDT)   7963.77 ± 2025.22 (7723.785, 8203.75)
 2nd quintile (10,001- 12,000)   11,920.73 ± 266.08 (11,862.27, 11,979.20)
 3rd quintile (12,001-18,000)   15,227.71 ± 1253.44 (15,035.63, 15,419.80)
 4th quintile (18,001-30,000)   23,540.11 ± 4014.05 (22,961.02, 24,119.20)
 Upper quintile (30,000+)   62,188.89 ± 62,881.18 (49,018.68, 75,359.10)