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Table 3 Factors associated with newborn follow-up visit after hospital discharge within seven days

From: Newborn follow-up after discharge from a tertiary care hospital in the Western Cape region of South Africa: a prospective observational cohort study

  Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Variable Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value
Maternal Characteristics
 Age (years)       
   < 21 Reference      
  21–30 0.76 [0.41, 1.39] .369    
   > 30 0.77 [0.41, 1.44] .77    
 Education
  Primary 0.90 [0.51, 1.59] .722 0.89 [0.50, 1.57] .682
  Secondary Reference      
  Matrica and higher 1.43 [0.99, 2.05] .054 1.47 [1.02, 2.12] .037
 Maternal Income
  None Reference      
  Salary/Wages/Grants 0.96 [0.62, 1.48] .841
Travel time to local clinic
   < 1 h Reference      
   ≥ 1 h 0.82 [0.59, 1.15] .252
 Number of children
  0 Reference      
  1 0.70 [0.45, 1.08] .107
  2 1.07 [0.66, 1.75] .779
   ≥ 3 0.97 [0.53, 1.79] .933
 Pregnancy Complication
  None Reference      
  Maternalb 1.06 [0.71, 1.59] .777
  Deliveryc 1.38 [0.87, 2.18] .170
 Delivery Type
  Vaginal Reference      
  Scheduled CSd 1.21 [0.81, 1.80] .343
  Emergency CS 0.98 [0.63, 1.54] .944
Newborn characteristics
 Gestational age
  34–36 weeks 1.61 [1.03, 2.53] .037 1.67 [1.07, 2.63] .026
  37–42 weeks Reference      
 Birth weight (grams)
  1800–2499 1.15 [0.79, 1.69] .466
  2500–4000 Reference      
   > 4000 1.45 [0.64, 3.30] .374
  Sex (male) 1.02 [0.73, 1.41] .903    
 Length of stay (hours)
  0–24 1.12 [0.71, 1.77] .620
  25–48 1.03 [0.65, 1.66] .889
  49–72 Reference      
  73–96 1.42 [0.84, 2.42] .195
   > 96 1.61 [0.87, 2.95] .127
  1. aMatric: completion or graduation from secondary school
  2. bMaternal condition: anemia, gestational diabetes, HIV, hypertension, preeclampsia
  3. cDelivery condition: breech presentation, failure to progress, fetal distress, placental abruption, twin gestation
  4. dCS caesarean section