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Table 1 Characteristics of the elderly migrants in China, n(%)

From: Status and determinants of health services utilization among elderly migrants in China

Variables Male Female Total
Total, n (%) 6838 (52.4%) 6205 (47.6%) 13,043 (100%)
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 66.18 (6.09) 66.26 (6.31) 66.22 (6.20)
Marital status
 Single 873 (12.8%) 1546 (24.9%) 2419 (18.5%)
 Currently married 5965 (87.2%) 4659 (75.1%) 10,624 (81.5%)
Hukou status
 Rural residence 4550 (66.5%) 4195 (67.6%) 8745 (67.0%)
 Urban residence 2288 (33.5%) 2010 (32.4%) 4298 (33.0%)
Education
 Elementary school and below 3527 (51.6%) 4272 (68.8%) 7799 (59.8%)
 Middle school 2097 (30.7%) 1239 (20.0%) 3336 (25.6%)
 High school and above 1214 (17.8%) 694 (11.2%) 1908 (14.6%)
Monthly family Income (RMB)
 Mean (SD) 6303.34 (7689.11) 6724.54 (14,763.11) 6503.72 (11,606.68)
Years of living in the city of residence
 Mean (SD) 6.33 (6.68) 5.95 (6.32) 6.15 (6.51)
Migration range
 Across provinces 2913 (42.6%) 2674 (43.1%) 5587 (42.8%)
 Across cities within a province 2187 (32.0%) 1957 (31.5%) 4144 (31.8%)
 Across counties within a city 1736 (25.4%) 1574 (25.4%) 3310 (25.4%)
Flow reasons
 Seeking jobs 2226 (32.6%) 826 (13.3%) 3052 (23.4%)
 Looking after children or grandchildren 1956 (28.6%) 2483 (40.0%) 4439 (34.0%)
 Retirement/Keeping fit 2037 (29.8%) 2246 (36.2%) 4283 (32.8%)
 Others 619 (9.1%) 650 (10.5%) 1269 (9.7%)
Health insurance
 Uninsured 516 (7.5%) 502 (8.1%) 1018 (7.8%)
 Underinsured 6322 (92.5%) 5703 (91.9%) 12,025 (92.2%)
Chronic diseases
 Yes 1368 (20.0%) 1530 (24.7%) 2898 (22.2%)
 No 5470 (80.0%) 4675 (75.3%) 10,145 (77.8%)
Self-rated health
 Poor 654 (9.6%) 770 (12.4%) 1424 (10.9%)
 Neutral 2908 (42.5%) 2821 (45.5%) 5729 (43.9%)
 Good 3276 (47.9%) 2614 (42.1%) 5890 (45.2%)