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Table 2 Results of Multilevel Ordinal Logistic Regression Analysis Explaining Self-Rated Health

From: Association between sporting event attendance and self-rated health: an analysis of multiyear cross-sectional national data in Japan

  2000 2004 2006 2012 4 years combined
Variable B SE B SE B SE B SE B SE
Sporting event attendance 0.28** 0.10 0.25** 0.08 0.49*** 0.09 0.39*** 0.08 0.33*** 0.03
Age −0.03*** 0.00 −0.01* 0.00 0.00 0.00 −0.02** 0.01 −0.01*** 0.00
Male 0.10 0.11 0.03 0.13 −0.02 0.16 −0.25*** 0.05 −0.03 0.08
Living with a spouse 0.32* 0.13 −0.01 0.07 0.16 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.13** 0.05
Unemployment −0.42** 0.13 −0.57*** 0.10 −0.72*** 0.19 −0.23 0.24 −0.47*** 0.10
Sport participation level 0.11** 0.04 0.20*** 0.04 0.23*** 0.03 0.16*** 0.02 0.17*** 0.01
City size −0.02 0.05 −0.05 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.02
Year effectsa           
2004          −0.87*** 0.11
2006          −0.70*** 0.06
2012          −0.63*** 0.10
Region-level variance 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00
N 2221 2273 1853 1994 8341
  1. B: unstandardized coefficients. SE: robust standard error
  2. aYear 2000 was set as a reference category
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01,*** p < 0.001