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Table 3 The prevalence of current drinking among young people in eight Asian countries

From: Measuring and preventing alcohol use and related harm among young people in Asian countries: a thematic review

Country/region & year Authors Sample size Levels of evidenceg Age (years) Prevalence of current drinking (%)
Male Female All
WHO Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS)
 China, Beijing, 2003 GSHS [66] 2348 1 13–15 17.7 8.6 13.0
 China, Hangzhou, 2003 GSHS [66] 1802 1 13–15 20.9 15.0 18.1
 China, Wuhan, 2003 GSHS [66] 1947 1 13–15 19.7 9.7 14.8
 China, Wurumqi, 2003 GSHS [66] 2918 1 13–15 16.3 11.0 13.7
 Malaysia, 2012 GSHS [66] 25,507 1 13–17 11.0 6.3 8.6
 Mongolia, 2013 GSHS [66] 5393 1 13–17 10.8 7.1 8.9
 Thailand, 2015 GSHS [66] 5894 1 13–17 27.2 19.2 23.0
 Vietnam, 2013 GSHS [66] 3331 1 13–17 31.3 16.5 23.7
Other identified studies
 China, Taiwan, 1994–96 Lin et al. [67] 4463 3 17–20 24.6
 China, Beijing and Shanghai, 2001–02 Cheng et al., [68] 1209 3 18–34 35.0
 China, Taipei, 2006 Zabin et al., [69] 4354 3 15–24 73.0c 59.3c
56.2e 38.1e
 China, Shanghai, 2006 Zabin et al., [69]. 6299 3 15–24 68.4c 47.5c
48.1e 21.9e
 China, 2009 Ji et al., [70]. 52,150 1 16–29 66.6 34.7 49.3
 China, Hong Kong, 2014–15 Security Bureau of HK [71] 95,788 1 10–21 21.2 19.2 20.2
 India, 1996–97 Mohan et al., [42]. 7037 3 15–29 8.9c 24.8f
 India, 2003 Wilsnack et al., [22] (GENACIS study) 1641 3 18–34 33.8 1.8
 India, 2006 Parasuraman et al., [72] 73,062 1 15–24 11.0c 1.0c
28.8e 1.4e
 Japan, 1999 Takaura and Wake [20] 1466 3 9–17 41.8 35.1 38.4
 Japan, 2001 Wilsnack et al. [22] (GENACIS study) 575 2 18–34 93.9 88.3
 Japan, 2008 Takakura [73] 3248 3 15–18 19.9 20.2
 Japan, 2011 WHO [8] 9778 1 16–18 14.7 16.0 15.4
 South Korea, 2006 Han et al. [18] 70,486 1 12–19 11.0 9.1 10.4
 South Korea, 2012 WHO [8] 80,000 1 13–19 22.7 15.8 19.4
 Malaysia, 2011 Mutalip et al. [19]. 21,011 2 13–29 4.2b 14.0d
 Malaysia, 2012 Yusoff et al. [74] 25,507 2 12–18 7.5
 Mongolia, 2009 WHO [75] 899 1 15–24 26.7
 Mongolia, 2010 Demaio et al. [16] 1100 3 15–24 22.0
 Thailand, 2007 Assanangkornch et al. [76] 6380 3 12–24 17.9a 7.3a 12.7
59.5e 15.8e
 Thailand 2007–08 Pichainarong and Chaveepojnkamjorn [77] 11,360 2 10–21 12.2 5.8  
 Thailand, 2010–11 Lohsoonthorn et al. [78] 2854 3 18–20 34.2
Vietnam, Hanoi, 2006 Zabin et al. [69] 6363 3 15–24 65.4c 28.3c
54.6e 18.8e
  1. a12–19 years old; b 13–17 years old; c 15–19 years old; d18–29 years old; e 20–24 years old; f 20–29 years old; GENACIS is the Gender, Alcohol and Culture: An International Study
  2. gThe Oxford 2011 Levels of evidence developed by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine [14] was used to assess the quality of studies in the thematic review