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Table 2 Summary of pooled sample characteristics of the Demographic and Health Surveys data in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Disparities in caesarean section prevalence and determinants across sub-Saharan Africa countries

Caesarean section
  Overall (%) Public healthcare (%) Private healthcare (%)
  159,327 139,882 19,445
CS   7.9 12.3
Age (%)
 15–24 31.5 7.1 9.1
 25–34 46.4 8.0 12.8
 35–49 22.1 8.7 15.3
Wealth (%)
 Poorest 14.5 5.1 6.9
 Poorer 17.5 5.8 7.5
 Middle 19.7 6.6 8.2
 Richer 23.0 7.9 9.8
 Richest 25.3 12.5 17.6
Maternal’s education (%)
 No education 27.5 5.3 7.7
 Primary 37.0 7.3 9.2
 Secondary+ 35.5 10.8 15.4
Paternal’s education (%)
 No education 25.8 5.1 6.7
 Primary 30.1 6.9 8.2
 Secondary+ 44.1 9.6 13.7
Religion
 Christianity 70.7 8.5 12.9
 Islam 23.9 6.6 9.0
 Others 5.4 6.4 7.7
Media access
 0 23.3 5.7 6.4
 1 31.1 6.6 8.8
 2 30.2 8.7 11.7
 3 15.3 12.7 20.7
Household head
 Female 77.0 9.2 12.1
 Male 23.0 7.5 12.9
Currently working
 Yes 37.9 7.8 12.7
 No 62.1 7.9 12.1
Decision making power
 Low 30.7 6.6 8.9
 Medium 36.9 8.8 12.3
 High 32.4 9.7 15.9
Sex of child
 Male 48.9 8.4 11.9
 Female 51.1 7.3 12.7
Multiple birth
 No 99.9 7.9 12.3
 Yes 0.1 12.5 25.6
Large size at birth
 Yes 60.6 7.1 11.9
 No 39.4 8.6 11.1
Antenatal care
 None 4.1 6.4 10.6
 1 to 4 visits 49.5 7.5 10.2
 5 to 8 visits 33.7 8.8 13.7
 8 or more visits 12.7 11.5 16.0
Neighbourhood SES (%)
 Tertile 1 (least disadvantaged) 38.8 10.9 14.6
 Tertile 2 36.3 7.3 9.9
 Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged) 24.9 4.6 7.1
Human Development Index (%)
 Low HDI 27.1 5.5 9.7
 Moderate HDI 41.2 8.1 10.1
 High HDI 31.7 9.7 15.6