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Table 1 Selected Socioeconomic, Health, and Healthcare System Financing Indicators for the Study Countries

From: Productivity change of national health systems in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region: application of DEA-based Malmquist productivity index

Demographics Health Indicators Healthcare System Financing
Country Total Population (in thousands) (2015) Population proportion under 15 Years (%) (2015) Population proportion over 60 (%) (2015) GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) (2016) Human Development Index (HDI) (2015) Life Expectancy (Years) (2015) Infant Mortality (2015) Total Health Expenditure (THE) as % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (2014) General Government Health Expenditure (GGHE) as % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (2014) Out of Pocket Expenditure (OOPS) as % of Total Health Expenditure (THE) (2014) Skilled health professionals density (per 10,000 population)
Afghanistan 32,527 44 4 1900 0.479 60.5 66.3 8.2 2.9 64 7.7
Bahrain 1377 21.5 3.9 44,690a 0.823 76.9 5.3 5.0 3.2 23 32.9
Djibouti 888 32.7 6.3 2200a 0.470 63.5 54.2 10.6 6.8 36 10.3
Egypt 91,508 33.2 7.9 11,110 0.688 70.9 20.3 5.6 2.2 56 63.5
Iran 79,109 23.6 8.2 17,370a 0.774 75.5 13.4 7.5 3.7 41 23
Iraq 36,423 41 5 17,240 0.649 68.9 26.5 5.5 3.3 40 6.1
Jordan 7595 35.5 5.4 8980 0.741 74.1 15.4 7.5 5.2 21 66.1
Kuwait 3892 22.3 3.4 83,420a 0.799 74.7 7.3 3.0 2.6 13 63.4
Lebanon 5851 24 11.5 13,860 0.763 74.9 7.1 6.4 3.0 36 59.2
Libya 6278 29.8 7 11210a 0.719 72.7 11.4 5.0 3.7 26 87
Morocco 34,378 27.2 9.6 7700 0.645 74.3 23.7 5.9 2.0 58 15.1
Oman 4491 20.5 4.4 41,320a 0.795 76.6 9.9 3.6 3.2 6 78.1
Pakistan 188,925 35 6.6 5580 0.548 66.4 65.8 2.6 0.9 56 14
Qatar 2235 15.5 2.3 124,740a 0.855 78.2 6.8 2.2 1.9 7 196.1
Saudi Arabia 31,540 28.6 5 55,760 0.845 74.5 12.5 4.7 3.5 14 73.6
Sudan 40,235 40.5 5.2 4290 0.488 64.1 47.6 8.4 1.8 76 11.2
Syrian 18,502 37.1 6.4 N.A 0.553 64.5 11.1 3.3 1.5 54 33.2
Tunisia 11,254 23.4 11.7 11,150 0.723 75.3 12.1 7.0 4.0 38 45
UAE 9157 13.9 2.3 72,850 0.836 77.1 5.9 3.6 2.6 18 56.9
Yemen 26,832 40.3 4.7 2490 0.499 65.7 33.8 5.6 1.3 76 8.7
  1. N.A not available
  2. aReplaced by the most recent available data; N.B.: The most recent available data was used in representing the Eastern Mediterranean Region health and development profile