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Table 1 Households’ characteristics and bivariate associations with FGM/C final decision (N = 403)

From: Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: a cross-sectional study

  Total Final Decision  
    Cut the girl Leave girl uncut P-value
  N % n % n %
State
 Gedaref 152 37.7 83 32.4 69 46.9 .004
 Khartoum 251 62.3 173 67.6 78 53.1
Area of residence
 Urban 244 60.5 144 56.3 100 68 .020
 Rural 159 39.5 112 43.8 47 32
Mother’s age
 < 30 71 17.6 41 16 30 20.4 .466
 30–39 113 28.0 77 30.1 36 24.5
 40–49 120 29.8 72 28.1 48 32.7
 50 and above 77 19.1 50 19.5 27 18.4
 Missing 22 5.5 16 6.3 6 4.1
Mother’s education
 None/illiterate 59 14.6 47 18.4 12 8.2 .000
 Khalwa (religious school) 31 7.7 19 7.4 12 8.2
 Primary/elementary 148 36.7 103 40.2 45 30.6
 Secondary 91 22.6 46 18. 45 30.6
 University/post graduate 50 12.4 23 9 27 18.4
 Missing 24 6.0 18 7 6 4.1
Perceived wealth status
 High 16 4.0 8 50 8 50 .013
 Medium 323 80.1 197 61 126 39
 Low 62 15.4 49 79 13 21
 Missing 2 0.5 2 100 0 0
Wealth index
 Very rich 81 20.1 47 18 34 23.1 .323
 Rich 65 16.1 37 14 28 19.0
 Middle 95 23.6 63 24 32 21.8
 Poor 81 20.1 51 20 30 20.4
 Very poor 80 19.9 57 22 23 15.6
Mothers’ FGM/C status
 Cut 347 86.1 228 89 119 81 .023
 Not cut 56 13.9 28 10.9 28 19
Exposure to any pro-FGM/C campaign, information or materials
 No 252 62.5 149 58.2 103 70.1 .018
 Yes 151 37.5 107 41.8 44 29.9
Exposure to any anti-FGM/C campaign, information or materials
 No 103 25.6 84 32.8 19 12.9 .000
 Yes 300 74.4 172 67.2 128 87.1