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Table 1 Conceptual Themes, Ordered by Frequency of Appearance from Highest to Lowest

From: Probing popular and political discourse on antimicrobial resistance in China

Conceptual Theme Description
Public awareness and education (PAE) Informs the public on general knowledge about AMR, how to prevent its occurrence, and debunking AMR-related myths.
Policy implications (P) Explores implications of policies relevant to AMR. (Policies that were discussed by media articles are not limited to the policies analyzed in this study.)
Agricultural use (AG) Emphasizes misuse of antimicrobials in an agricultural context or strategies that can address AMR in the agricultural sector.
Economic impacts (E) Discusses any relationships between AMR, related policies, and the economy.
Challenges (C) Discusses current challenges to addressing AMR, including those that need to be overcome to effectively implement AMR-related policies.
Professional awareness (PA) Encourages involving healthcare providers, including physicians and administrators of healthcare institutions, to address AMR.
Future directions (FD) Recommends future actions that the government, the public, and healthcare providers can take to address AMR.
Achievements (A) Discusses the Chinese government’s actions or events relevant to addressing AMR in a positive light.
Environmental pollution (EP) Frames antimicrobials as a type of environmental pollution.
Global collaboration (GC) Focuses on China’s collaboration with the global community in addressing AMR. (Articles that only discuss recent news from the WHO without emphasizing China’s actions in the global community were excluded.)
Media’s role (M) Emphasizes the role that media can play in addressing AMR.
Pediatric care (PED) Focuses on how AMR impacts healthcare for children.
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Highlights a relationship between Traditional Chinese Medicine and AMR.