|Administrative Level||Name of health administrative unit||Key characteristics and administrative responsibilities|
|Region||Regional Health Bureau||
• Ethiopia has 11 Regional Health Bureaus.|
• Regional Health Bureaus coordinate and execute all activities in the health sector within the respective region.
• Staff at Regional Health Bureaus translate and adapt national guidelines for regional contexts.
• Funding is received from the National Ministry of Health (allocated based on population size of the region) and mostly earmarked for specific programs.
|Zone||Zonal Health Department||
• Ethiopia has approximately 86 zones.|
• Zonal Health Departments convey guidelines and directives from the region to the woredas.
• They provide technical and administrative support to woredas, and monitor their financial performance.
|District (Woreda)||Woreda Health Office||
• The total number of urban and rural woredas in Ethiopia is more than 800, each with a catchment population of around 100,000.|
• Woreda-based health sector planning was introduced in HSTP-III (2005/06–2009/10).
• Woreda Health Offices (together with PHCU staff) manage health care delivery issues, and perform monitoring and evaluation of health activities in the woreda.
|Local: Primary Health Care Unit (PHCU)||PHCU||
• A PHCU typically comprises 5 health posts and a health centre. Each PHCU serves a catchment population of about 25,000.|
• PHCUs employ directors and coordinators who function in management capacities. Management staff at the PHCU have a direct role in overseeing the delivery of care.