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Table 1 Characteristics of the EAC countries included in our analysis

From: Effects of scaling up various community-level interventions on child mortality in Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania: a modeling study

Characteristics Burundi Kenya Rwanda Uganda Tanzania
Population, 2018 11,129,204 50,644,314 12,429,546 43,921,666 58,650,994
Population density per Km2 437 90 507 222 67
Median age, years 17.6 19.2 19.6 15.9 17.4
Fertility rate 5.91 4.03 4.11 5.82 5.17
Birth rate (births/1000 population), 2017 41 24 31 43 36
GDP per capita (current US$), 2016 285.7 1455.4 702.8 580.4 877.5
Health spending per capita (current US$), 2014 22 78 52 52 52
OOP expenditure, % healthcare expending, 2014 44.5 67.4 45.4 54.6 43.3
Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure), 2014 13.2 12.8 9.9 11.0 12.3
External resources for health (% of total expenditure on health), 2014 50.3 27.5 46.2 35.5 (2013) 35.9
Physician / 1000 population, 2015 0.026 0.204 0.064 0.093 0.022
Density of nursing and midwifery personnel, 1000 population, 2014 0.176 (2004) 1.582 0.832 0.648 0.416
Life expectancy at birth, years, 2015 57.1 62.2 64.7 59.2 65.5
Ranking HDI index, 2015 184 146 159 163 151
Under-five mortality rate per 1000 live births, (2015) 82 49 42 55 49
Neonatal mortality rate/1000 live births 29 22 19 19 19
Infant mortality rate/1000 live births 54 36 31 38 35
Stillbirth rate per 1000 live births 28 22 23 25 26
Maternal mortality ratio (maternal deaths per 100,000 live births), 2015 712 510 290 343 398
Progress towards MDG      
Achieved MDG4 No No Yes Yes Yes
Achieved MDG5 No No Yes No No
  1. GDP, gross domestic product; OOP, out of pocket; HDI, health development index; MDG, millennium development goal; US$, United States dollar; EAC, East African Community. Data presented in Table 1 were abstracted from various publications [26, 40,41,42,43,44,45]