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Table 4 Results for bivariate relationships between each IV and the DV

From: Priority setting towards achieving under-five mortality target in Africa in context of sustainable development goals: an ordinary least squares (OLS) analysis

Dependent Variable = U5MR.
Ind. Variable
Total Fertility 19.06*** 18.21***             
(3.29) (3.02)             
Adolescent Fertility   0.57*** 0.53***            
  (0.10) (0.09)            
Female Literacy    −0.83*** -0.76***           
   (0.21) (0.20)           
Adult Literacy     −0.97***  -0.87***          
    (0.25) (0.24)          
Rural Percent      0.54 0.49         
     (0.34) (0.32)         
Income per Capita       −13.64* -12.10*        
      (5.33) (5.07)        
Female Employment        0.35 0.49 .       
       (0.30) (0.28)       
Poverty Level         1.03** 0.91**      
        (0.32) (0.31)      
Gov. Expenditure          −3.41* -2.68*     
         (1.33) (1.32)     
Total Expenditure           −77.64. -74.34 .    
          (40.82) (38.16)    
Personal Expenditure            3.96* 2.85 .   
           (1.50) (1.59)   
Water             −1.09** -1.02**  
            (0.31) (0.29)  
Sanitation              −23.40** -19.23*
             (8.26) (8.18)
BP 30.69** 24.11* 29.20* 28.43* 35.13* 32.51* 40.44** 29.77* 28.99* 35.59* 25.92 . 32.61* 28.69*
(10.52) (10.80) (12.25) (12.46) (13.73) (13.29) (13.79) (12.97) (13.92) (13.48) (14.77) (12.37) (13.62)
R 2 0.45 0.52 0.46 0.52 0.28 0.37 0.27 0.35 0.06 0.19 0.14 0.25 0.03 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.14 0.22 0.08 0.22 0.15 0.21 0 .23 0.36 0.16 0.25
  1. Notes: Standard errors are reported in parenthesis
  2. Entries in the table are standardised regression coefficients
  3. Results with regression with dummy variables are presented in italics
  4. Number of observations = 43
  5. . p < 0.1
  6. *p < 0.05
  7. **p < 0.01
  8. ***p < 0.001
  9. R-square values are set in boldface