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Table 5 Results for multivariate regression models with U5MR in 2010 as DV

From: Priority setting towards achieving under-five mortality target in Africa in context of sustainable development goals: an ordinary least squares (OLS) analysis

Dependent Variable = U5MR
Ind. Variable Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8
Total Fertility 11.40     9.87 10.55 * 13.57 **  
12.35*     10.51 . 12.54 *    16.10***
(5.71)     (5.72) (4.95) (4.33)  
(5.38)     (5.66) (4.73)    (3.94)
Adolescent Fertility 0.31*     0.19 0.19   
0.26 .     0.16 0.17   
(0.14)     (0.15) (0.12)   
(0.13)     (0.16) (0.12)   
Female Adult Literacy 0.66 0     1.38 1.35   
33     1.00    
(1.18)     (1.30) (1.31) (1.02)   
(1.11)        
Total Adult Literacy −0.93     −1.86 −1.73 −0.36  
-0.48     -1.46 -0.39    -0.50.
(1.36)     (1.42) (1.16) (0.26)  
(1.29)     (1.43) (0.26)    (0.25)
Rural Percent −0.11     −0.07    
-0.12     -0.08    
(0.30)     (0.34) (0.34)    
(0.29)        
Income per Capita   −7.80    −20.60. -17.54 −21.73 * −20.39*  
  -5.55       
  (6.47)    (11.75) (8.78) (8.91)  
  (6.24)    (11.79)    
Female Employment   −0.09    0.13    
  0.11    0.19    
  (0.32)    (0.26)    
  (0.32)    (0.26)    
Poverty Level   0.83 *    0.22 0.47 .   
  0.70 .    0.17     0.50.
  (0.37)    (0.33) (0.26)   
  (0.35)    (0.33)     (0.26)
Gov. Expenditure    −2.36   −3.46 *   −3.13**  
   -2.36   -3.32 * 1.62 .    -1.79.
   (1.70)   (1.56) (1.54) (1.02) (0.92) (0.99)  
   (1.64)       (0.92)
Total Expenditure    −59.37   189.54 * 189.68 ** 207.04**  
   -67.00   169.89 * 79.66 *    94.08*
   (41.05)   (71.08) (62.75) (62.98)  
   (39.86)   (71.45) (38.59)    (37.45)
Personal Expenditure    1.57   −0.28    
   0.29   -0.89    
   (2.02)   (1.73)    
   (2.06)   (1.76)    
Water     −0.85 * − 0.47 − 0.53. −0.54.  
    -0.87 * -0.43    
    (0.35) (0.38) (0.29) (0.30)  
    (0.33) (0.38)    
Sanitation     −13.18 2.32    
    -8.56 3.33    
    (8.85) (10.10)    
    (8.62) (9.98)    
BP 25.57* 30.45* 28.04 . 29.73 * 16.15 17.98 .   19.21 .
(10.46) (13.57) (14.44) (12.70) (11.74) (9.84)   (9.90)
Constant 31.63 118.85 201.00 * 104.28 *** −49.24 −30.12 - −76.77  
20.17 90.99 222.17 * 175.67 *** -48.81 106.04   -123.98 .
(36.70) (67.28) (85.78) (28.33) (114.36) (75.00) 72.14  
(34.77) (65.24) (83.61) (28.01) (113.64) (73.07)   (72.61)
F-statistic 8.78 *** 4.06 * 3.58 * 7.49 ** 5.21 *** 9.44*** 11.32***  
9.30 *** 4.61 ** 3.82 * 7.37 *** 5.12 *** 10.87***   12.12***
Adj. R 2 0.48 0.54 0.24 0.26 0.16 0.21 0.24 0.31 0.57 0.58 0.62 0.62 0.60 0.61
  1. Notes: Standard errors are reported in parenthesis
  2. Entries in the table are standardised regression coefficients
  3. Results with regression with dummy variables are presented in italics
  4. Number of observations = 43
  5. . p < 0.1
  6. *p < 0.05
  7. **p < 0.01
  8. *** p < 0.001.
  9. R-square values are set in boldface