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Table 2 Prevalence (with 95% CI) of underweight, overweight and obesity according to BMI categorization among women of reproductive age in India

From: Prevalence and factors associated with underweight, overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age in India

Characteristics Underweight1, % Overweight, % Obesity, %
Asian2 WHO3 Asian2 WHO3
Age (years)
 15–19 41.9 (41.5–42.4) 7.5 (7.2–7.7) 3.4 (3.2–3.6) 1.8 (1.7–2.0) 0.8 (0.7–0.9)
 20–29 25.3 (25.0–25.6) 19.3 (19.0–19.6) 11.3 (11.1–11.6) 6.5 (6.3–6.7) 2.9 (2.8–3.0)
 30–39 15.7 (15.4–15.9) 28.8 (28.4–29.1) 20.7 (20.4–21.0) 14.6 (14.2–14.9) 7.0 (6.8–7.2)
 40–49 13.7 (13.4–13.9) 31.5 (31.2–31.9) 24.4 (24.1–24.8) 18.6 (18.2–18.9) 9.3 (9.1–9.6)
Parity
 Never pregnant 34.4 (34.1–34.8) 12.6 (12.4–12.8) 6.7 (6.6–6.9) 4.1 (4.0–4.3) 2.0 (1.9–2.1)
 1–4 17.5 (17.3–17.7) 27.4 (27.2–27.7) 19.8 (19.5–20.0) 13.9 (13.7–14.1) 6.7 (6.6–6.9)
  ≥ 5 21.9 (21.4–22.4) 22.9 (22.5–23.4) 15.4 (14.9–15.8) 10.1 (9.8–10.5) 4.8 (4.5–5.0)
Hormonal contraceptive use
 No 23.2 (23.0–23.4) 22.4 (22.2–22.6) 15.4 (15.2–15.6) 10.6 (10.5–10.8) 5.1 (5.0–5.3)
 Yes 15.9 (15.2–16.6) 28.0 (27.2–28.9) 18.3 (17.6–19.1) 11.5 (10.9–12.2) 5.2 (4.7–5.7)
Marital status
 Never married 37.4 (37.0–37.8) 10.7 (10.5–11.0) 5.2 (5.0–5.4) 2.9 (2.8–3.1) 1.4 (1.3–1.5)
 Married 18.4 (18.2–18.5) 26.4 (26.1–26.6) 18.8 (18.5–19.0) 13.1 (12.9–13.3) 6.3 (6.1–6.4)
 Widowed 18.0 (17.3–18.8) 27.2 (26.2–28.2) 19.2 (18.4–20.1) 14.3 (13.4–15.2) 7.3 (6.6–8.0)
 Divorced/separated 20.1 (18.8–21.5) 24.2 (22.6–25.8) 17.3 (15.9–18.8) 11.7 (10.4–13.0) 5.3 (4.5–6.3)
Religion
 Hindu 23.6 (23.4–23.8) 22.2 (22.0–22.4) 15.0 (14.8–15.2) 10.0 (9.9–10.2) 4.8 (4.6–4.9)
 Muslim 21.5 (21.0–22.0) 23.3 (22.8–23.8) 17.1 (16.6–17.5) 13.0 (12.5–13.5) 6.5 (6.2–6.8)
 Others 16.3 (15.6–17.1) 27.1 (26.4–27.8) 19.2 (18.5–19.9) 14.2 (13.5–14.9) 7.3 (6.8–7.8)
Caste
 Scheduled caste 25.3 (24.9–25.7) 20.9 (20.5–21.3) 13.4 (13.1–13.8) 8.4 (8.1–8.8) 3.8 (3.6–4.0)
 Scheduled tribe 31.7 (31.1–32.4) 15.0 (14.5–15.5) 8.1 (7.7–8.4) 4.3 (4.0–4.6) 1.9 (1.7–2.1)
 Other backward class 22.9 (22.7–23.2) 22.7 (22.4–23.0) 15.6 (15.4–15.8) 10.7 (10.5–10.9) 5.2 (5.0–5.3)
 Other 18.0 (17.7–18.4) 26.5 (26.1–26.9) 19.5 (19.1–19.8) 14.5 (14.2–14.9) 7.2 (7.0–7.5)
Education level
 No formal education 24.6 (24.3–24.9) 21.1 (20.8–21.4) 13.2 (12.9–13.4) 7.9 (7.7–8.2) 3.7 (3.5–3.8)
 Primary 22.0 (21.5–22.4) 23.6 (23.1–24.0) 16.4 (16.0–16.9) 11.1 (10.7–11.5) 5.3 (5.0–5.6)
 Secondary 23.9 (23.7–24.2) 22.1 (21.8–22.3) 15.7 (15.5–15.9) 11.4 (11.2–11.6) 5.6 (5.4–5.7)
 Higher 15.9 (15.5–16.4) 27.4 (26.8–28.0) 19.2 (18.6–19.7) 13.5 (13.0–14.1) 6.6 (6.2–7.0)
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 35.8 (35.4–36.2) 11.2 (10.9–11.4) 5.0 (4.9–5.2) 2.1 (2.0–2.2) 0.8 (0.7–0.9)
 Poorer 29.5 (29.1–29.9) 17.2 (16.9–17.5) 9.5 (9.3–9.8) 4.7 (4.5–4.9) 1.8 (1.7–2.0)
 Middle 23.1 (22.7–23.4) 23.2 (22.8–23.5) 14.9 (14.6–15.2) 8.7 (8.4–8.9) 3.8 (3.6–4.0)
 Richer 17.1 (16.7–17.4) 27.9 (27.5–28.3) 20.8 (20.4–21.2) 15.1 (14.8–15.5) 7.4 (7.1–7.6)
 Richest 11.6 (11.2–12.0) 31.6 (31.1–32.1) 25.2 (24.8–25.7) 20.9 (20.4–21.4) 11.0 (10.6–11.3)
Place of residence
 Urban 15.5 (15.1–15.9) 28.6 (28.2–29.1) 22.2 (21.8–22.6) 17.7 (17.3–18.1) 9.1 (8.8–9.4)
 Rural 26.8 (26.6–27.0) 19.5 (19.3–19.7) 12.0 (11.9–12.2) 7.0 (6.9–7.1) 3.1 (3.0–3.1)
Region
 Central 27.9 (27.5–28.4) 16.9 (16.5–17.2) 10.3 (10.0–10.6) 6.3 (6.1–6.6) 2.9 (2.8–3.1)
 Eastern 26.5 (26.1–27.0) 19.6 (19.2–20.0) 12.3 (12.0–12.7) 7.1 (6.8–7.4) 3.0 (2.8–3.2)
 Northeastern 22.1 (21.4–22.7) 21.5 (20.9–22.0) 12.2 (11.7–12.6) 5.9 (5.6–6.2) 2.3 (2.1–2.5)
 Northern 21.4 (21.1–21.8) 22.8 (22.6–23.1) 15.2 (15.0–15.5) 10.5 (10.3–10.7) 5.1 (5.0–5.3)
 Southern 17.0 (16.6–17.4) 28.4 (27.9–28.8) 21.5 (21.0–21.9) 16.1 (15.6–16.5) 8.1 (7.8–8.4)
 Western 25.2 (24.7–25.8) 21.9 (21.4–22.3) 15.5 (15.0–15.9) 11.3 (10.9–11.8) 5.6 (5.3–5.9)
Overall 22.9 (22.7–23.1) 22.6 (22.5–22.8) 15.5 (15.4–15.7) 10.7 (10.5–10.8) 5.1 (5.0–5.3)
  1. 1. Both Asian and World Health Organization classifications categorize underweight as BMI <18.5 Kg/m2
  2. 2. Asian classification categorizes overweight and obesity as BMI ≥23 and ≥ 27.5 Kg/m2, respectively
  3. 3. World Health Organization classification categorizes overweight and obesity as BMI ≥25 and ≥ 30 Kg/m2, respectively
  4. CI Confidence interval, WHO World Health Organization