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Table 4 Associations between confounders of the main association and area of residencea

From: The association between area of residence and sufficient antenatal tetanus vaccination in women ages 15–49 in Afghanistan: an analysis of the 2015 DHS dataset

Variable Category Wt% (95% CI)b inurban areas Wt% (95% CI)b in rural areas P-valuec
Mother’s highest education level None 66.2 (62.7–69.4) 88.0 (85.5–90.1) < 0.001
Primary 13.9 (12.1–15.9) 6.4 (5.5–7.3)
Secondary 15.2 (13.1–17.6) 4.9 (3.7–6.6)
Higher 4.7 (3.4–6.6) 0.7 (0.5–1.2)
Husband’s highest education level (N = 19,485) None 40.2 (36.7–43.8) 62.8 (60.2–65.4) < 0.001
Primary 17.8 (16.2–19.5) 13.8 (12.6–15.2)
Secondary 28.7 (25.8–31.7) 19.0 (17.4–20.7)
Higher 13.4 (10.9–16.2) 4.4 (3.7–5.1)
Number ANC visits (N = 19,297) 0 28.0 (24.5–31.7) 42.1 (38.0–46.3) < 0.001
1 11.4 (9.4–13.9) 12.5 (11.4–13.7)
2 14.2 (12.0–16.7) 19.2 (17.5–21.0)
3 14.1 (11.9–16.7) 12.3 (10.5–14.4)
4+ 32.3 (29.1–35.8) 13.9 (12.5–15.4)
Combined wealth index Poorest 3.4 (1.8–6.4) 24.9 (22.4–27.7) < 0.001
Poorer 2.1 (1.4–3.3) 25.6 (23.7–27.7)
Middle 3.2 (2.4–4.1) 25.7 (23.4–28.2)
Richer 21.0 (16.9–25.7) 20.6 (18.2–23.2)
Richest 70.4 (64.6–75.5) 3.1 (1.9–5.2)
Distance to health facility (N = 19,690) Big problem 47.6 (42.9–52.4) 74.3 (71.7–76.8) < 0.001
Not a big problem 52.4 (47.6–57.1) 25.7 (23.2–28.4)
Getting permission to seek medical care(N = 19,688) Big problem 36.4 (33.6–39.2) 55.8 (51.6–59.9) < 0.001
Not a big problem 63.6 (60.8–66.4) 44.2 (40.1–48.4)
  1. aN = 19,737 unless otherwise stated, bAccounts for clustering and stratification in sample, cFrom Pearson’s chi-squared test