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Table 5 Logistic regression model for sufficient antenatal TTCV in women living in rural vs. urban areas, with adjustment for confoundersa

From: The association between area of residence and sufficient antenatal tetanus vaccination in women ages 15–49 in Afghanistan: an analysis of the 2015 DHS dataset

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P-valueb Adjusted OR (95% CI)c P-valueb
Area of residence   0.525   0.003
 Urban 1.00   1.00  
 Rural 0.93 (0.75–1.16)   1.62 (1.18–2.24)  
Mother’s age group   < 0.001   0.010
 15–19 1.00   1.00  
 20–24 0.85 (0.60–1.20)   1.26 (0.94–1.69)  
 25–29 1.06 (0.76–1.49)   1.24 (0.97–1.60)  
 30–34 0.86 (0.62–1.19)   1.29 (0.99–1.68)  
 35–39 0.80 (0.57–1.13)   1.34 (0.99–1.83)  
 40–44 0.95 (0.65–1.40)   0.99 (0.73–1.34)  
 45–49 1.96 (1.15–3.36)   0.88 (0.58–1.34)  
Number ANC visits   < 0.001   < 0.001
 None 1.00   1.00  
 1 0.79 (0.56–1.12)   1.94 (1.55–2.42)  
 2 0.87 (0.62–1.21)   3.31 (2.67–4.10)  
 3 0.55 (0.39–0.77)   5.07 (3.87–6.64)  
 4+ 0.28 (0.21–0.37)   4.64 (3.69–5.84)  
Combined wealth index   < 0.001   0.264
 Poorest 1.00   1.00  
 Poorer 1.61 (0.73–3.53)   0.87 (0.72–1.05)  
 Middle 1.14 (0.55–2.37)   0.77 (0.59–0.99)  
 Richer 0.13 (0.06–0.27)   0.94 (0.73–1.20)  
 Richest 0.01 (0.00–0.01)   0.89 (0.62–1.29)  
Mother’s highest education leveld   < 0.001   < 0.001
 None 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 0.33 (0.26–0.41)   1.90 (1.45–2.49)  
 Secondary 0.24 (0.16–0.34)   2.35 (1.62–3.41)  
 Higher 0.12 (0.07–0.21)   1.46 (0.71–3.03)  
Husband’s highest education level   < 0.001   0.011
 None 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 0.49 (0.40–0.59)   1.20 (1.02–1.42)  
 Secondary 0.40 (0.32–0.50)   1.29 (1.10–1.51)  
 Higher 0.20 (0.15–0.28)   1.41 (1.03–1.93)  
Distance to health facility   < 0.001   0.249
 Big problem 1.00   1.00  
 Not a big problem 0.31 (0.24–0.38)   1.09 (0.94–1.28)  
Getting permission to seek medical care   < 0.001   0.001
 Big problem 1.00   1.00  
 Not a big problem 0.48 (0.39–0.59)   1.28 (1.11–1.49)  
  1. aN = 18,058; only cases with no missing values used for analysis
  2. bFrom adjusted Wald test
  3. cAdjusted for area of residence, mother’s age group, number antenatal care visits, combined wealth index, mother’s highest education level, husband’s highest education level, distance to health facility and getting permission to seek medical care
  4. dAdjusted Wald test for interaction p = 0.275