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Table 2 Logistic Regression for asthma diagnosis (n = 61,625)

From: Socio-demographics and asthma prevalence, management, and outcomes among children 1–11 years of age in California

  Doctor Ever Told you Your Child has Asthma  
  OR 95 % CI P-value
Age
  1 to 5 years (ref.) --- ---  
  6 to 11years 1.78*** (1.60, 1.99) < 0.001
Gender
  Male (ref.) --- ---  
  Female 0.63*** (0.57, 0.70) < 0.001
Race/ethnicity
  Hispanic (ref.) --- ---  
  Asian 1.06 (0.85, 1.32) 0.595
  African American 1.17* (1.02, 1.50) 0.299
  White 0.68*** (0.61, 0.75) < 0.001
  Two or more Races 0.93 (0.59, 0.79) 0.634
Adult English Proficiency
  Very well (ref.) --- ---  
  Fairly well 0.78* (0.61, 1.02) 0.047
  Not well / Not at all 0.60*** (0.48, 0.77) < 0.001
Adult Education
  Less than 12 years (ref) --- ---  
  High School graduate 1.04 (0.86, 1.26) 0.682
  Some college 1.21* (1.00, 1.46) 0.045
  College graduate or higher 0.91 (0.74, 1.11) 0.356
Poverty level
  0–99 % FPL (ref.) --- ---  
  100–199 % FPL 0.85 (0.71, 1.04) 0.159
  200–299 % FPL 0.77* (0.61, 0.96) 0.021
  300 % FPL and Above 0.74** (0.55, 0.83) 0.005
Living environment
  Urban (ref.) --- ---  
  Rural 0.85 (0.74,0.99) 0.038
Usual Source of Care
  Office/HMO/Kaiser (ref.) --- ---  
  Government/community 1.00 (0.86, 1.16) 0.964
  ER/Urgent care/ Other place 0.88 (0.55, 1.42) 0.582
  No usual source of care 0.57** (0.40, 0.84) 0.004
Insurance status
  Insured (ref.) --- ---  
  Not insured 0.79 (0.60, 1.07) 0.125
Citizenship Status
  US-born citizen (ref.) --- ---  
  Naturalized citizen 0.85 (0.71, 1.03) 0.146
  Non-Citizen 0.82 (0.66, 1.01) 0.066
Survey year
  2001–2002 (ref) --- ---  
  2003–2004 1.11 (0.99, 1.25) 0.075
  2005–2006 1.09 (0.97, 1.23) 0.128
  2007–2008 1.08 (0.96, 1.22) 0.187
  2009–2010 0.89 (0.78, 1.02) 0.109
  2011–2012 1.12 (0.97, 1.31) 0.108
  2013 1.05 (0.85, 1.30) 0.664
  2014 0.89 (0.69, 1.16) 0.393
  2015 0.85 (0.62, 1.18) 0.338
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001