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Table 3 Logistic Regression for Asthma Management

From: Socio-demographics and asthma prevalence, management, and outcomes among children 1–11 years of age in California

  Currently Taking Daily Medication to Control Asthma Doctor Ever Given Asthma Management Plan for Child Have Written Copy of Plan Not Confident can Control Asthma
  n=6,669 n=6,117 n=2,026 n=2,836
Proportion 32.6% (30.8, 34.4) 60.3% (57.5, 63.2) 32.3% (28.1, 36.5) 27.2% (23.1, 31.4)
Age
   1 to 5 years (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   6 to 11years 0.74 (0.62, 0.89)** 0.91 (0.73, 1.14) 0.71 (0.47, 1.08) 0.72 (0.48, 1.10)
Gender     
   Male (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   Female 0.85 (0.72, 1.02) 1.04 (0.80, 1.34) 1.28 (0.85, 1.93) 1.06 (0.68, 1.63)
Race/ethnicity
   Hispanic (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   Asian 0.57 (0.39, 0.82)** 0.76 (0.47, 1.22) 0.86 (0.44, 1.69) 0.53 (0.21, 1.32)
   African American 0.98 (0.71, 1.36) 0.84 (0.54, 1.32) 1.10 (0.52, 2.33) 1.45 (0.69, 3.02)
   White 0.65 (0.51, 0.83)** 0.88 (0.63, 1.23) 1.26 (0.73, 2.17) 0.91 (0.54, 1.56)
   Two or more Races 0.90 (0.59, 1.38) 0.62 (0.38, 1.03) 1.11 (0.49, 2.51) 0.70 (0.35, 1.42)
Adult English Proficiency
   Very well (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   Fairly well 0.63 (0.45, 0.87)** 0.45 (0.25, 0.80)** 0.54 (0.23, 1.24) 3.39 (1.52, 7.54)**
   Not well / Not at all 0.52 (0.36, 0.74)*** 0.30 (0.20, 0.46)*** 1.34 (0.58, 3.12) 3.10 (1.49, 6.42)**
Adult Education
   Less than 12 years (ref) --- --- --- ---
   High School graduate 1.13 (0.85, 1.52) 1.25 (0.82, 1.92) 1.55 (0.75, 3.21) 1.07 (0.52, 2.22)
   Some college 0.94 (0.69, 1.27) 1.33 (0.84, 2.11) 2.33 (1.07, 5.08)* 1.03 (0.45, 2.34)
   College graduate or higher 0.93 (0.68, 1.27) 1.94 (1.25, 3.02)* 3.21 (1.35, 7.64)** 0.95 (0.43, 2.08)
Poverty level
   0-99% FPL  (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   100-199% FPL 0.73 (0.56, 0.96)* 1.04 (0.70, 1.53) 0.98 (0.54, 1.78) 0.58 (0.32, 1.08)
   200-299% FPL 0.72 (0.51, 1.03) 0.99 (0.55, 1.77) 1.02 (0.51, 2.01) 1.43 (0.58, 3.50)
   300% FPL and Above 0.63 (0.47, 0.85)** 1.03 (0.67, 1.58) 0.62 (0.33, 1.17) 0.89 (0.44, 1.81)
Residence
   Urban (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   Rural 1.12 (0.87, 1.45) 1.15 (0.83, 1.58) 1.03 (0.58, 1.84) 1.23 (0.63, 2.41)
Usual Source of Care
   Office/HMO/Kaiser (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   Government clinic / Community hospital 0.75 (0.61, 0.92)** 0.99 (0.72, 1.38) 1.64 (0.93, 2.91) 0.98 (0.60, 1.58)
   ER/Urgent care/ Other place 0.54 (0.26, 1.12) 1.26 (0.63, 2.55) 0.11 (0.02, 0.50)** 0.54 (0.10, 2.84)
   No usual source of care 0.48 (0.24, 0.98)* 0.30 (0.12, 0.74)* 1.75 (0.25, 12.08) 1.54 (0.36, 6.60)
Insurance status
   Insured (ref.) --- --- --- ---
   Not insured   0.86 (0.56, 1.31) 0.88 (0.53, 1.49) 2.25 (0.36, 14.11) 0.61 (0.20, 1.86)
Citizenship Status
   US-born citizen (ref.)ta --- --- --- ---
   Naturalized citizen 1.10 (0.83, 1.46) 1.10 (0.73, 1.67) 1.73 (0.92, 3.26) 1.20 (0.65, 2.21)
   Non-Citizen     1.23 (0.91, 1.67) 1.48 (0.90, 2.44) 1.27 (0.58, 2.36) 1.45 (0.69, 3.05)
Survey year
   2001-2002 REF N/A N/A NA
   2003-2004 0.58 (0.46, 0.75)*** REF N/A N/A
   2005-2006 0.37 (0.29, 0.48)*** 1.01 (0.78, 1.30) N/A N/A
   2007-2008 0.39 (0.30, 0.51)*** 0.98 (0.77, 1.24) N/A N/A
   2009-2010 0.50 (0.38, 0.66)*** 2.74 (2.13, 3.52)*** REF REF
   2011-2012 0.38 (0.28, 0.53)*** 3.42 (2.47, 4.73)*** 1.32 (0.90, 1.96) 0.81 (0.53, 1.23)
   2013 N/A 2.78 (1.57, 4.92)*** 0.99 (0.61, 1.62) 0.87 (0.51, 1.49)
   2014 N/A N/A 1.84 (1.13, 2.98)* 0.93 (0.53, 1.64)
   2015 N/A 2.16 (1.08, 4.34)* 1.35 (0.64, 2.82) 0.74 (0.34, 1.65)
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. N/A-question not asked during that survey year