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Table 3 Distribution of QoL during COVID-19 pandemic according to sociodemographic variables and COVID-19 experience

From: Quality of life during COVID-19 pandemic: a community-based study in Dakahlia governorate, Egypt

Variables COV19-QoL score t-test P value
Mean ± SD
Age    
 < 40 years 2.27 ± 0.6 3.9 ≤ 0.001
 ≥ 40 years 2.5 ± 0.5   
Sex    
 Male 2.27 ± 0.6 3.2 ≤ 0.001
 Female 2.43 ± 0.5   
Employment    
 Employed 2.33 ± 0.6 0.46 0.6
 Not employed/retired 2.36 ± 0.6   
Monthly income    
 Sufficient 2.28 ± 0.6 2.55 0.01
 Insufficient 2.42 ± 0.5   
Educational level    
 ≤ secondary 2.41 ± 0.5 − 2.2 0.03
 > secondary 2.3 ± 0.6   
Marital status    
 Married 2.42 ± 0.5 3.8 ≤ 0.001
 Not married 2.2 ± 0.6   
Smoking   0.46 0.6
 Smoker 2.35 ± 0.6   
 Not smoker 2.32 ± 0.6   
Chronic diseases    
 Absent 2.3 ± 0.6 2.9 0.004
 Present 2.5 ± 0.6   
Previous Covid-19 infection    
 No 2.348 ± 0.56 0.053 0.9
 Yes 2.345 ± 0.55   
Personally know someone infected with COVID-19    
 No 2.19 ± 0.6 4.129 ≤ 0.001
 Yes 2.4 ± 0.5   
Personally know someone who died of COVID-19    
 No 2.3 ± 0.6 2.1 0.04
 Yes 2.42 ± 0.6   
Have a symptom suggestive of COVID-19 in past 14 days    
 No 2.32 ± 0.6 1.7 0.09
 Yes 2.42 ± 0.6   
Duration    
 First half of data collection period 2.45 ± 0.6 − 3.9 < 0.001
 Second half of data collection period 2.26 ± 0.6   
  1. SD: Standard deviation, COV19-QoL: COV19 – Impact on Quality of Life, t-test: Student's t-test